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Home » How to Make Drip Coffee – Coffee Brewing Guide

How to Make Drip Coffee – Coffee Brewing Guide

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How to Make Drip Coffee – Coffee Brewing Guide

You may learn how to make drip coffee at home on this website, along with tips on how to produce better results. With a few straightforward tricks and approaches, you may dazzle your family or your guests.

Coffee may be brewed in a variety of ways, and I prefer the most of them. However, we’ll concentrate on drip coffee on this page.

Discover how to brew drip coffee using a pour-over cone or a coffee maker. Make excellent coffee at home by following our detailed, step-by-step instructions.

We’ll explain why pour-over is so well-liked and why most coffee makers are shoddy and incapable of producing a good cup of coffee.

What Is Drip Coffee Brewing?

According to Wikipedia, a drip coffee brew is a technique for making coffee that involves sprinkling hot water over ground, roasted coffee beans that are housed in a filter.

The two basic ways to make drip coffee are with a drip coffee maker or with a cone, or what is known as the pour-over method. Pour over receives a lot of attention, and the attention is well-deserved given how simple it is to make a flawless cup and how unlikely it is to go wrong. Due to the fact that pour-over is a manual brewing technique, it is also known as hand drip. We advise using our guide on How To Produce Pour Over Coffee At Home if you want to make the greatest possible drip coffee.

You don’t have to spend an hour in the kitchen making coffee for all of your guests because good automatic drip coffee makers can brew you a fantastic cup. The only drawback to auto drip is that there isn’t much possibility for customization. You are limited to the coffee that the maker of the coffee maker deemed to be the best. It is necessary to grind the coffee in accordance with how their machine is calibrated to pour at a specific rate and with a specific water temperature. While most people won’t find this to be a problem, if you prefer to experiment and fine-tune your brew, we advise hand dripping.

The most common way to prepare coffee, an automatic coffee maker, may provide a quality cup. This infographic is a wonderful place to start off with a little refresher. If, however, you want to have the best cup of coffee, see our comprehensive brewing guide below. On this infographic guide to drip coffee brewing, there is a different perspective on drip brewing.

Coffee Making: The Perfectionist’s Guide

A perfect cup of coffee is the result of a number of individual decisions, methods, and exact timing calculations. Yes, there is a mechanical aspect to making coffee, where the ideal grind size, brew time, and water temperature are required, but there is also a personal touch. The kind of roast, the sources of the beans, and the kind of filter employed can all be impacted by this individual inclination. Don’t be scared to give them a try; after all, coffee taste is a matter of personal preference, as I’ll demonstrate to you in a moment.

The Water

Drip coffee requires water, and if your water is of poor quality, your cup of coffee will be ordinary.

While tap water is not awful, it does include a few too many minerals, which will affect the flavour of your coffee. Because it lacks minerals and will make your cup overly flat, distilled water is bad.

It’s a good idea to filter your water before brewing, but make sure the filter you choose leaves behind some minerals and only removes chlorine and other substances that have a strong flavour or odour. Bottled water is another excellent option; spring water is the finest because it has the best mineral balance.

The Crush

The grind size is still quite significant, even though it is not as crucial as with other brewing techniques, so pay attention to it. Any competent burr grinder will have a clearly marked grind size, and you can experiment with it within specific limits.

I’m not underestimating the value of a steady grind. Just to be clear, I’m not saying that this uniformity is any less important than it is with French press or espresso.

Under-extraction, over-extraction, and grind size

The steeping time will be longer if the grind is finer since the water will move through the compact coffee more slowly. If the surface is too coarse, the water will move by too quickly, under-extraction occurring. On the internet, there is a lot of discussion over how too much extraction will make coffee bitter. Additionally, arguments point to brew duration as a key contributor to over-extraction.

This is only partially true because coffee will get stronger, but not bitter, with a longer extraction time at the right temperature.

Consider Turkish coffee: if there were such a thing as over-extraction, Turkish coffee would be the most over-extracted beverage and it would be very bitter, which it is not. By North American standards, Turkish coffee is slightly over-extracted, but not to the point where tannins and other unwanted chemicals are extracted. Just a pretty strong cup of coffee. Similarly, fine-tuning your grind will result in a stronger or milder cup.

More soluble solids will flow through the filter if the grind is too fine, especially if you’re using non-paper filters. Many drip coffee enthusiasts will be dissatisfied because this will make coffee less clear. It will become more akin to espresso and Turkish coffee as a result. This is the ideal coffee for you if you prefer stronger beverages.

Therefore, using the proper water temperature prevents over-extraction. If the water is too hot, though, the coffee will scorch and lose its bitter flavour. Over-extraction issues will worsen with longer brewing times. To be more precise, the bitterness will increase the longer you utilise the incorrect water temperature.

On the other side, under-extraction will lead to a flat coffee that lacks body, fragrance, and flavour. Although it takes coarse grinds longer to fully saturate in water, water can easily travel right through them. Therefore, coffee that has been ground too finely will be weak and tasteless.

In conclusion, brewing at a lower temperature is preferable, however brewing time may need to be altered.

coffee mill

The ideal method is to ground coffee at home. In this manner, the coffee is kept as fresh as possible without losing any of its characteristics or fragrances. If left in the open air after grinding, ground coffee starts to lose its fragrant oils after about 30 minutes. In order to preserve the most amount of the beans’ deliciousness, it is recommended to grind right before brewing. Any coffee fan has a coffee grinder in their kitchen because of these factors.

The best coffee grinders are burr grinders, which should be used. You will get boulders and dust in the same batch since blade grinders can’t grind materials consistently. As a result, the final cup becomes cloudy due to too many grounds entering through the filter.

Alternatively, the particulates may block the filter and cause the coffee to drain too slowly, leading to overextraction (see next section for more details).

Finally, with an uneven grind because of how coffee dissolves in water. While the finer bits extract more, the larger parts extract less. In rare instances, you could encounter a blend of sour and bitter coffee (under-extracted and over-extracted).

When purchasing a burr grinder, you should conduct some research and avoid purchasing a cheap one because they can occasionally be worse than blade mills. No, unless you brew espresso, you don’t need the more expensive ones; decent burr coffee grinders cost around $100. All your coffee grinder needs to do is provide a consistent grind and some degree of size customization.

Please grind a few minutes before brewing, I must insist. The quality of the final cup improves with coffee’s freshness.

Temperature of the Brew

One of the most crucial aspects of making drip coffee is the brewing temperature (or any other brew type). Drip functions best at temperatures between 195 and 205 degrees Fahrenheit. This is the temperature that the water should be at when it comes into contact with the grinds, regardless of whether you use a drip cone or a Technivorm coffee machine.

There isn’t much to do if you use a coffee maker; all you have to do is trust that the machine will supply the water at the right temperature, which the most of them don’t.

The Technivorm, a Dutch technical marvel, and the Bonavita, a German-designed coffee maker that was marketed by a Seattle-based company, are two excellent choices.

Although a quality drip coffee maker costs a little more than the typical one, the materials and design make sure that the water is the right temperature—not too hot or too cold—when it comes into contact with the coffee grinds.

Pour Melitta Over a Cone

Use an electric kettle with a temperature control and set the water to 205 degrees Fahrenheit for a pour over drip. As a result, the temperature will be somewhat lower, around 200 degrees, at the time of pouring, which should be ideal.

Bring the water to a boil and let it sit for a few minutes if you can’t afford an electric kettle or are camping and have no other way to get electricity. Since it much depends on the ambient temperature, the pan or kettle used, etc., this is only a very general estimate.

Coffee Maker

The most crucial piece of equipment is the coffee maker. Even if you choose to use a manual dripper, you must be extremely selective. The majority of the timing and measuring responsibilities are handled by an automatic drip coffee maker, so you don’t have to. This explains the widespread use of automatic drip coffee machines. However, you must use caution while making equipment purchases. To cut expenses, many coffee makers are constructed in a very frugal manner. Therefore, brewing parameters are not the main issue.

A comparison of the SCAA Certified Coffee Makers is provided below. These coffee makers have undergone SCAA testing and have received certification that they adhere to all brewing requirements for ideal drip coffee. These coffee makers cost more than the typical product on the market, but they are worthwhile. For example, Technivorm coffee makers are known for their dependability, so you can get a lot of use out of one.

Consider one of the affordable drip coffee makers if you cannot imagine spending the money for a certified coffee maker. These are excellent gadgets that can make a fantastic cup of coffee, despite not being certified.

How much water and coffee

Generally speaking, you need 2 teaspoons of ground coffee to 6 ounces of water when brewing coffee. For every 6 ounces of water, the NCAUSA suggests 1-2 TBS of coffee. This is only a general rule, though, and some individuals should use less coffee because they have sensitive stomachs, while others should use more because they want a strong brew.

Make it your own, starting with the 2 spoons per 6 ounces ratio. One thing to keep in mind with drip coffee makers is that you need less coffee the more you brew at once.

The grinds don’t have enough time to fully absorb the water when only two cups are brewed, and the incomplete saturation will lead to a weak cup. For a single cup, a drip cone is the greatest choice because of this. The Hamilton Beach Scoop, which is made to brew drip single serving, is yet another excellent choice (I love this device).

If you grind your coffee coarser, you might need a little more, and if you mill it finer, you need less because the water stays in touch with the grinds for longer and the saturation process happens faster, giving you a greater extraction.

Brewing Period

The amount of time coffee has to be submerged in water varies depending on the brewing method. This period takes roughly 5 minutes for drip coffee (made with a pour over or coffee maker). You’ll get a cup of coffee that isn’t fully extracted if your coffee maker drips too quickly. In order to extract correctly, you must use water that is between 195 and 205 °F (90 and 96 °C) in temperature.

The steeping period must be increased as the water temperature decreases. This is the idea behind cold brew, when the brew is let to steep for 48 hours.

To recap, the drip typically lasts 5 minutes.

The 5 Rules for Brewing Perfect Drip Coffee

  1. Pick the appropriate filter.
    One of the most crucial elements of drip brewing is the filter, and the choice of filter affects both the body and the flavour.

Because paper filters are dense, they retain more of the soluble coffee solids, giving you a clearer cup of coffee. They retain the oils in coffee since they are so dense, which flattens the flavour of your cup.

Before adding the coffee, rinse the paper filter with water if you’re using one. This will warm the cone or basket and clean the filter of paper particles.

The mesh filter is a superior alternative, but you must grind more coarsely and you must have a reliable grinder that produces a consistent grind. Although you will need to modify your grind as necessary, paper filters are the most forgiving in terms of grind size and consistency. Avoid purchasing cheap paper filters; your coffee will taste better when it is brewed with quality filters. Both Melitta and Filtropa are reliable brands. The gold-plated filter is the perfect substitute because it will never need replacing.

  1. Finish your coffee right away.
    Immediately following brewing, coffee should be served. You will get a cup of coffee that tastes scorched if you leave it on the stove for too long. Fresh coffee is always the finest.

Use only fresh, high-quality beans. Your coffee will taste bland if the beans are more than a month old because they have lost all of their flavour. The best places to acquire coffee are from small roasters because they produce fewer batches and have a lower likelihood of selling stale beans. Check out my page on how to store coffee beans for more information on how to properly store coffee. Light and air are the deadliest enemies of great coffee. Make sure the label clearly states that the coffee is 100 percent Arabica, which is the norm for high-quality beans. Don’t choose the big brands since they have armies of marketers working to persuade everyone that their beans are the best. In actuality, they cut corners to increase profit.

  1. At home, grind the coffee just before brewing.
    When you grind coffee, the process speeds up several times from when the beans first begin to degrade after roasting. The oils can disperse more easily when they are no longer confined because there is more surface exposed to air. The Capresso is a reliable home grinder. If you want quality coffee, neither inexpensive burr grinders nor blade grinders are appropriate.
  2. Maintain a spotless coffee maker.
    There should be periodic cleaning of the machine’s pipes, water reservoir, and carafe. Descaling is occasionally necessary to remove the calcium deposits from the machine’s interior. These will have an impact on both the machine’s performance and the flavour of your coffee.
  3. Verify that your coffee is evenly saturated.
    If your brewer doesn’t have a showerhead, you can stop the drip for the first 20 seconds to fill the basket with water, and then swirl the grinds to completely hydrate them.

Read more: French Drip Coffee Pots: History & Top Picks